De Witte Paal: The Monument of Toegoe Djogja

If we visit Yogyakarta,we didn’t not travel completely if we have not passed in toegoe monument. It is located in city heart of Yogyakarta, quarter of Jl. Jend. Sudirman (east) – Jl. P. Diponegoro (west) – Jl. A.M. Sangaji (north) – Jl. Mankubumi (south).

Established since 1756 by Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono I, a year after The Treaty of Giyanti. It was built to proclaim the establishment of Nagari Ngayogjokarto Hadiningrat. Originally design was “Golong Gilig” in 25 meters tall. The meaning of “Golong” is “ball”, because the top of this monument is like a ball, whereas the meaning of “Gilig” is a cylinder pillar.

The “Golong Gilig” symbol represents “Manunggaling Kawula lan Gusti” or the relationship between a man and God, the spirit of unity, and helpfulness. Unfortunately, in Monday, June 10th, 1867, De Witte Paal was collapsed by horribly earthquake. In 1889 was renovated by Opzichter van Waterstaat JWS van Brussel, supervised by Patih Dalem Kanjeng Raden Adipati Danurejo V. Its tall was shorter than before, cut 10 meters off, to be 15 meters. The new design was opened by Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono VII in October 3rd,1889.

There is stright imaginary lines between The Mount Merapi-Tugu-Keraton-Panggung Krapyak-Southern Sea (from northern to southern)


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