This is part of another three journals: Fort Speelwijk, Mosque of Bantam, and Old Temple of Avalokitesvara. The journey was hosted by Department of Archaeology – University of Indonesia. We explored to Old City of Banten in whole day of Saturday, 29 April 2006. Interesting!
Fortunately, I found a VOC’s grapeshot when I across inside the royal palace of Surosowan. For me, it is a souvenir from de stadt Bantam for the reason of regarding their great history!
A BRIEF HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF DE STADT BANTAM & SUROSOWAN PALACE
Far before Batavia was founded by Jan Pieterzoon Coen, Banten has been known as a haven for the government of Royal British between the 12th – 15th centuries. It has economic growth speedly, because many traders came in to Banten such as Gujarat, Chinese, Malajoe, Portuguese, and Holland.
The Kasultanan of Banten was established by Syarif Hidayatullah known as Sunan Gunung Jati from Cirebon in 16th century. Then, the Surosowan Palace was built in 1522-1526, when Banten was governed by Sultan Maulana Hasanudin. He was the second sultan in the family grad of Kasultanan of Banten. The Wall of Surosuwan Palace has tall of 2 m and width of nearly 4 hectare, and it also has 4 bastion in each corner for military defence.
It has 2 gates, main entarnce gate is in the eastern, another in the northern. All in european arch style. Inside the palace, there was a good enhancement of irigation ”Pangindelan” plumbing system from Tasik Ardi Lake in to the palace.
The Pool of Roro Denok with Bale Kambang still remains inside. It applied the old plumbing system for refinery of health water. It proved the rest of beautiful architecture mixed the refinery plumbing in Surosuwan. Also they used gold tap as known ”Pancuran Mas” in water refinery system inside the palace.
We still found the former chamber of Queen Aisyah’s Room. It has a unique designed, part of this base floor was concave to be filled by water for room cooling, beneath the wooden floor.
In the era of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa, Banten was known as pepper exporter. The great trading of spicy was happened there. The town was established by several communities of Arabian Kompong, Indian Kampong, and Chinese Kampong. Multicultural interaction and aculturation was happened unavoidly.
THE BLAST OF DAENDELS & THE END OF SUROSOWAN EPISODE
The Surosuwan Palace was pulled down by blasted attack of Daendels because Sultan Syaifudin refused strongly of Daendels’ order of Grootepostweg project that begun from Anyer to Panarukan and order to develop new port in Lada Bay. Even, Sultan flapped Du Puy off , a vice officer of Daendels, and sent his head to Daendels. Daendels was getting up set, and then he demolished the Surosuwan and Kaibon Palace.