THE 7 DECEMBER DIVISION MONUMENT – DJAKARTA: EVERYMAN, EVERYTIME

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“Ik had getekend voor de Expeditionaire Macht, en je tekende dan voor onbepaalde tijd, waar ook ter wereld. Ik kwam bij de Zeven December Divisie op 2 januari 1946. We zouden worden opgeleid voor de oorlog tegen Japan maar toen die capituleerde werd onze bestemming Indië…”

“I had signed up for the “Expeditionairy Forces” which meant that I would be serving
for a unknown period wherever in the world I would be required. I was enlisted in the Seventh December Division on the 2nd of January 1946. We would receive training for the war against Japan but when they surrendered our destination was changed to the Dutch Indies…”

(The Diary of Chris Fillet, Ordinary guy from Amsterdam who volunteers for the 7 December Division)



EREVELD MENTENG PULO: BEHIND THE STORY


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The Simultaantkerk, Ereveld Menteng Pulo

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The 7 December Division Monument
“Onze eenheid is bevestigd. Door ons gezamenlijk lijden”
(Our unit is confirmed, Through our collective suffering)

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The 7 December Division Monument
After Re-burial Ceremony on 16th of September 1949

The “7 December Division” Monument is sited on Ereveld Menteng Pulo – Jl. Menteng Pulo RT 03 RW 012, Kelurahan Menteng Dalam, Tebet, South Jakartain the backyard of Simultaantkerk. In front of the monuments laid the victims of 7 December Division 1946 – 1949 and their tombs were marked by “7DD”.

Ereveld Menteng Pulo is Dutch War Cemetery consists of victims during Second World War in the Japanese occupation in Netherlands Indies and Police Actions period of 19456– 1949 (Military Aggression in terms Indonesian). The victims were from Banjarmasin (1961), Tarakan (1964), Manado (1965), Palembang (1967), Balikpapan (1967), Makassar (1968), and Cililitan (1968). This ereveld has about 4300 graves.

It was established on 8 December 1947, inaugurated by Lieutenant General Spoor, A Commander of Royal Dutch Army. He defeated on 25th of May 1949, and buried in this war cemetery as well.




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War Cemetery for Comrades of 7 December Division 1946-49
Their tomb were marked by “7DD”

THE MISSION OF “7 DECEMBER DIVISION”

The First Division “7 December” was sent to the East Indies in 1946. Their mission was restored “the peace, order and security”. According Royal Dutch, they were planning to Dutch Indies along a gradual path to greater independence, but the declaration of the independent Republic of Indonesia two days after the Japanese capitulation accelerated these events.

Originally, “7 December” was named after Queen Wilhelmina’s speech in London on 7th of December 1942:

“I am for, while not on the opinions of the conference that will focus on a government level, which the Netherlands, Indonesia, Suriname and Curacao will share together, while they each in themselves, their own autonomy in internal matters and drawing on its own merits, but would work with each other to stand, will represent.
It will be a difference of treatment based on race or national character is not place, but will have only the personal skills of citizens and the needs of different population groups be crucial for the policy of the Government. “


It could be the statement was influenced about the political background in that period. This was the mandate, which the conscripts of 7 December Division to the Dutch Indies were sent. They were held for the purpose, “the granting of independence to the colonies and eliminating racial discrimination so that all citizens were equal in the great Kingdom of the Netherlands. As the people of very different people would want to self and not a big communist state as Soekarno for had eyes”.




THE EMBLEM
“7 DECEMBER DIVISION”


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The emblem of the “7 December Division” the letters “EM” refers to “Expeditionaire Macht” (Expeditionary Force). This “EM” abbreviation became symbolic of the concept of “Elke Man, Elk Moment” (Every Man, Every Time). The “EM” was separated by the sword from the arms of Batavia (standing upright sword with laurel wreath).

During the Second World War, the emblem of the first division was designed for the future expeditionary force to the fight against Jap
an. However, after the capitulation of Japan in August 15, 1945 emblem was unnecessary. The emblem was re-introduced by army order in 1946 (for binding) by the future commander of the First Division, Colonel HJJW Durst Britt.






THE TROOPERS
“7 DECEMBER DIVISION”

 

The 7 December Division in India consisted of 18,544 persons of which 880 officers, 1,300 under-officers and 16,364 under-corporal and soldiers. The first commander of “7 December Division” was Major General H.J.J.W. Dürst Britt (1st of September 1946 – 2nd September 1949). Then, the second commander was Major General E.Engles (2nd September 1949 – 25th of April 1950).

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Major General H.J.J.W. Dürst Britt

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Major General E.Engles

On 1st of September 1946 left to India. The rest followed shortly thereafter. At the end of 1949 turned the first troop ship with members of “7 December Division” back in to the Netherlands. The full return of the division was completed in early 1950.

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On Board: Troopers of 7 December Division
Source: http://www.7decemberdivisie.nl

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A convoy of 7 December Division,
withdraw from the town Tjikarang towards Krawang.
Source: Lergermuseum

THE MILITARY RESOURCES
“7 DECEMBER DIVISION”

 The military resources of “7 December Division” is following below (based on “Wij Werden Geroepen” by Alfred van Sprang and published in 1949, http://www.7decemberdivisie.nl):

THE COMPOSITION

Division Staff:
1 Division liaison department
1 Battalion AAT (4 comp)
1 Battalion Pioneers
1, 2 and 3 Inf. Brigade Workshop
1 Regiment Light luchtdoelart.
1 Anti-Tank Artillery Regiment
2 Field Artillery Regiment
6 Field Artillery Regiment
8 Field Artillery Regiment
1 Reconnaissance Regiment
1 machine-gun Battalion

Staff 1 Infantry Brigade Group:
3 Garde Grenadiers Regiment
3 Garde Regiment Jagers
3 Guard Regiment Prinses Irene

Staff 2 Infantry Brigade Group:
3-1 Infantry Regiment
3-9 Infantry Regiment
3-12 Infantry Regiment

Staff 3 Infantry Brigade Group
3-2 Infantry Regiment
3-14 Infantry Regiment
3 Shock Troops Regiment

1, 2 and 3 Help Link City Department
1 Field Hospital
Hygiene Group
Dental Company
Arva Division 1
1 and 2 Royal Military Police Company
Division 1 Park Equipment
1 Division of Field Post Section

Security battalions:
3-3 Infantry Regiment (distributed)
3-5 Infantry Regiment (distributed)
3-7 Infantry Regiment (distributed)
3-8 Infantry Regiment (West Java)
3-10 Infantry Regiment (West Java)
3-11 Infantry Regiment (distributed)

Other components, which long-term in West Java:
4-3 Infantry Regiment
4-8 Infantry Regiment
4-10 Infantry Regiment
5-7 Infantry Regiment
Infantry I KNIL
Infantry II KNIL
Fighting vehicles I KNIL

Under temporary command in West Java:
1-11 Infantry Regiment
1-4 Infantry Regiment
2-13 Infantry Regiment
4-11 Infantry Regiment
5-1 Infantry Regiment

Relief in the area, the F-Brigade, consisting of:
401 Infantry Battalion
412 Infantry Battalion
413 Infantry Battalion
41 Field Artillery Regiment



THE ARMAMENT

Light machine guns 1197
Heavy machine guns 36
Piat 421
Twin machine guns 1
2 “mortars 283
3 “mortars 60
4.2 “mortars 16
PAG (62)
9 field guns (72)
Cannons at 8. (24)
Cannons at 8 on motoraffuiten (24)
Cannons 2 tl. – 20 mm (42)
Cannon 4 tl. – 40 mm (54)



THE TRANSPORT

Bicycles (335)
Engines (995)
Cars (90)
Jeeps (380)
Trucks (2043)
Trailers (477)
Carriers (547)
Tractors (175)
Light reconnaissance vehicles (32)
Panzers/metal vehicles – pantservoeruigen (32)
Motoraffuiten (24)
Ambulance Vehicles (48)


***

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Major General E.Engles speech on the Ceremony 16th of September 1949.
Source: Lergermuseum

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The military funeral ceremony on 16th September 1949 – Ereveld Menteng Pulo.
From left to right the representative of the Navy Commander in the East: Capt. H.J.G. v. Giesen, the Governor of Batavia: R.A.A. Hilman Djajadiningrat, the C-Division Commander: Major General E. English, the Army Commander: General DC Lieutenant Buurman, and the delegate of the HVK for Pasoendan: Mr Dr. R.W. of Diffelen.

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On 16th of September 1949, the men of the “7 December Division” and Vrouwenhulpkorps (Women’s Auxiliary Corps)farewell to their 500 fallen comrades deceased and buried at the Ereveld Menteng Pulo, Djakarta.
Source: KITLV and Lergermuseum

***

REFERENCES

Het Vergeten Leger: Nederlandsch Indië 1945-1950
[www.hetdepot.com]

Chris Fillet Dagboek, Zeven December Divisie: Nederlands – Indië 1946-1950 [www.zevendecemberdivisie.nl]
Ereveld Menteng Pulo, leaflet, Oorlogsgravenstichting Indonesie
7 December Divisie, Wij werden geroepen: Nederlands-Indië 1946-1950, [www.7decemberdivisie.nl]
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8 comments

  1. obendon said: mantap euy

    Foto2 lama waktu ke ereveld th 2006 tapi waktu itu belum ada story-nya hehehe…

  2. wah jaman dulu Ereveldnya masih dikelilingi hutan ya?sekarang dijepit perumahan dan apartemen..

  3. zhangjiekang said: wah jaman dulu Ereveldnya masih dikelilingi hutan ya?sekarang dijepit perumahan dan apartemen..

    Iyah mas…Dulu belakang monumen 7DD juga masih kebon banyak pohon…sekarang pemukiman padat merayap….

  4. ternyata photo kuburan bagus juga ya….

  5. dev38 said: ternyata photo kuburan bagus juga ya….

    Hiya…ereveld menteng pulo menjadi edisi perdana saya dalam kunjungan ke ereveld2 berikutnya mbak…Kala melintas pertama kali di tengah2 pemakaman serasa seperti di film saving private ryan…hehehe….

  6. Biasanya, pergi ke tempatnya dulu baru cari tau ceritanya atau tau ceritanya dulu baru pergi ke tempatnya ?

  7. youfy said: Biasanya, pergi ke tempatnya dulu baru cari tau ceritanya atau tau ceritanya dulu baru pergi ke tempatnya ?

    Cari ceritanya dulu dikit2, lalu lengkapi kalo sudah bener2 sampe tempatnya.Tapi banyak juga yg siap ceritanya tapi belum sampe2 ke tempatnya haha… 🙂

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